Citizen launched its Homer series – like this fresh serviced 1970's Citizen Homer Second Setting variant here – in 1960 and produced it through circa 1980. Of significant and historical note, the Second Setting variant was officially issued by Japan National Railways to their staff in the 1960s and 1970s, and – per our research – unlikely to anyone else, public included. Although its well known Seiko pocket watches dominated the notoriously punctual railways in Japan, Citizen owned the 1960s and 1970s in this aspect.
Unsurprisingly, simplicity reigns in the design of this watch, along with its “second setting” feature (more commonly called hacking), a feature not normally found on other Citizen Homers. The hacking feature – predominant in military-issued watches – allows the watch to be synchronized, no doubt a requirement on the famously reliable and punctual Japanese railway network. The white dial has quite clear and legible numbers, with lumed hands and pips outside the hour markers – all allowing the watch to be easily read.
More impressive, the Calibre 911 movement Citizen used in these were the same base movement that powered the Citizen Chrono Master, which is basically Citizen’s response to Seiko’s King Seiko and Grand Seiko.
When first launched, the Homer was most commonly produced in gold plated cases, which were more popular in the era – despite the Homer’s humble place in the quality hierarchy early models often featured textured and patterned dials, and some had hexagonal and square cases.
This Citizen Homer comes with a stainless-steel mesh strap, nylon NATO strap, and Pelican travel case.
Japanese National Railroad-Issue 1970s Citizen Homer Second Setting Mechanical
DIAL: Porcelain white dial, with an extremely clean IWC Portugieser-ish look to it, no blemishes; lume has a great uniform patina and remains luminescent, despite age. Citizen Homer-signed dial, in ornate cursive script and with Arabic numerals, is crisp and highly legible. Lume in dauphine hands shines, as well, and features a nicely even patina.
CASE: Stainless-steel case, 37mm (39mm w/crown) x 44mm - case is a mere 9.75mm including the domed crystal! Caseback was inscribed, officially, by the Japanese government.
CRYSTAL: Domed acrylic crystal, in perfect condition with no cracks.
BAND: This Second Settings comes with a brown leather strap, as well as a dark blue, orange, and white nylon NATO strap.
MOVEMENT: Citizen Calibre 911, 21 jewel manual wind hacking movement, which beats at 18,000 bph, a relative of the high-end Citizen Chrono Master. We have performed a full service on this watch.
CROWN: Citizen-signed crown.