Citizen launched its Homer series – like this all original and recently serviced 1973 Citizen Homer Second Setting variant here – in 1960 through circa 1980. Of significant and historical note, the Second Setting variant was officially issued by Japan National Railways to their staff in the 1960s and 1970s, and – per our research – unlikely to anyone else, public included. Although its well known Seiko pocket watches dominated the notoriously punctual railways in Japan, Citizen owned the 1960s and 1970s in this aspect.
Unsurprisingly, simplicity reigns in the design of this watch, along with its “second setting” feature (more commonly called hacking), a feature not normally found on other Citizen Homers. The hacking feature – predominant in military-issued watches – allows the watch to be synchronized, no doubt a requirement on the famously reliable and punctual Japanese railway network. The white dial has quite clear and legible numbers, with lumed hands and pips outside the hour markers – all allowing the watch to be easily read.
More impressive, the Calibre 911 movement Citizen used in these were the same base movement that powered the Citizen Chrono Master, which is basically Citizen’s response to Seiko’s King Seiko and Grand Seiko.
When first launched, the Homer was most commonly produced in gold plated cases, which were more popular in the era – despite the Homer’s humble place in the quality hierarchy early models often featured textured and patterned dials, and some had hexagonal and square cases.
This Citizen Homer comes with a leather strap, nylon NATO strap, and Pelican travel case.
Japanese Railroad-Issue 1973 Citizen Homer Second Setting Mechanical Watch
DIAL: Original porcelain white dial, with an extremely clean IWC Portugieser-ish look to it, no blemishes; lume has a great uniform patina and remains luminescent, despite age. Citizen Homer-signed dial, in ornate cursive script and with Arabic numerals. Original dauphine hands
CASE: Original stainless-steel case, 37mm (39mm w/crown) x 44mm. Caseback was inscribed, officially, by the Japanese government, and the top number, “48,” equals out to be 1973, the second number is the number watch in the series issued (32, in this instance – these went into the high hundreds), and, per Japanese kanji inscription at bottom, this Citizen was issued by Japan National Railways.
CRYSTAL: Original domed acrylic crystal, several small cracks near 6 o’clock position.
BAND: Brown leather strap, with cream colored stitching and stainless-steel hardware. This Citizen also comes with a nylon green and yellow NATO strap.
MOVEMENT: Original Citizen Calibre 911, 21 jewel manual wind hacking movement, which beats at 18,000 bph. This Citizen was serviced in December 2019.
CROWN: Original Citizen-signed crown.